In the past, there have occasionally been funding gaps that led to government shutdowns, the longest of which lasted 21 full days, from December 16, 1995, to January 6, 1996. The most recent shutdown began October 1, 2013, and lasted for a total of 16 full days. Will there be another government shutdown later this month? Perhaps with an abundance of caution, the Congressional Research Service has updated Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects (RL 34680 Nov. 30, 2017). From the report:
Government shutdowns have necessitated furloughs of several hundred thousand federal employees, required cessation or reduction of many government activities, and affected numerous sectors of the economy. This report discusses
- causes of shutdowns, including the legal framework under which they may occur;
- processes related to how agencies may plan for the contingency of a shutdown;
- effects of shutdowns, focusing especially on federal personnel and government operations; and
- issues related to shutdowns that may be of interest to Congress.
This CRS report is intended to address questions that arise frequently related to the topic of government shutdowns. However, the report does not closely track developments related to the appropriations process for a given fiscal year.
H/T to beSpacific — Joe