CRS report: Presidential Authority over Trade: Imposing Tariffs and Duties

From the introduction to Presidential Authority over Trade: Imposing Tariffs and Duties (Dec. 9, 2016 R44707): “The United States Constitution gives Congress the power to impose and collect taxes, tariffs, duties, and the like, and to regulate international commerce. While the Constitution gives the President authority to negotiate international agreements, it assigns him no specific power over international commerce and trade. Through legislation, however, Congress may delegate some of its power to the President, such as the power to modify tariffs under certain circumstances. Thus, because the President does not possess express constitutional authority to modify tariffs, he must find authority for tariff-related action in statute.”

— Joe

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