CRS report on artificial intelligence and national security

From the summary of Artificial Intelligence and National Security (R45178, Apr. 26, 2018):

The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) is developing AI applications for a range of military functions. AI research is underway in the fields of intelligence collection and analysis, logistics, cyberspace operations, command and control, and a variety of military autonomous vehicles. AI applications are already playing a role in operations in Iraq and Syria, with algorithms designed to speed up the target identification process. Congressional action has the potential to shape the technology’s trajectory, with fiscal and regulatory decisions potentially influencing growth of national security applications and the standing of military AI development versus international competitors.

Military AI development presents a number of potential issues for Congress

  • What is the right balance of commercial and government funding for AI development?
  • How might Congress influence Defense Acquisition reform initiatives that ease military AI adaptation?
  • What changes, if any, are necessary in Congress and DOD to implement effective oversight of AI development?
  • What regulatory changes are necessary for military AI applications?
  • What measures can be taken to protect AI from exploitation by international competitors and preserve a U.S. advantage in the field?

— Joe

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