From the abstract of Edward H. Sisson’s Conduct of 153 American Founders on the Right to Bear Arms in Resistance to Their Government They Wanted to Keep, But Keep Within Bounds (Sept. 18, 2017):
What we know today as the “Second Amendment” was recommended to the then-11 States of the United States on September 25, 1789, by the 22-person US Senate and the 59-person US House of Representatives of the United States in the First United States Congress. What had these 81 individuals done, in their own lives, in arms, during the time when they acknowledged King George the Third to be their lawful king – and wanted to keep him as their king, and to keep themselves as his subjects?
Enquiring into the evidence of their words and conduct became the first research subject of this study. The researcher then saw grounds to expand the study to United States Supreme Court Justices, US Judges, US Presidents, US Vice Presidents, and US Cabinet officers. The list of individuals to examine grew from 81 to 153 persons.
The study also necessarily included examination of the kind of government that the 153 individuals thought they had had in the past, and were trying to keep for the future; examination of the individuals who were trying to change that government; and why they were trying to change that government. The study required ascertaining what was the government the 153 individuals were trying to keep, but keep within bounds, and who it was, and why, that some other group of people was trying to change the bounds of that government. This drew the study back from the actual armed resistance period of 1775-1776, to 1767 up to 1775.
The following are the results of that study. The results show that of the 153 people examined, not one opposed the right to bear arms against their own recognized lawful government, if the use of arms was to keep that government within the bounds they recognized it to have. 111 created direct, personal evidence, admissible in a hypothetical “British armed-treason trial” conducted on July 5, 1776, to convict them of having actively exercised the personal right to use personal arms against their own recognized lawful government, to keep that government within the bounds they recognized it to have. Another 8 created circumstantial evidence of the same, for a total of 119. 34 left no evidence discoverable today, in 2017, that the British could have used to convict them on July 5, 1776.
To the 119, it was not “treason,” but “restoration” they fought for, in the “resistance” period. In essence, they fought to prevent those who commanded the government from trying to change the government. The 119 fought to prevent the commanders of their government from committing treason against the very government they commanded.