CRS report on the June 12th Trump-Kim Jong-un Summit

From The June 12 Trump-Kim Jong-un Summit (IN10916, June 12, 2018):

The summit highlighted the change from 2017, when escalating tensions between North Korea and the United States led to increasingly tight U.S. and international sanctions and fears of a military conflict. In addition to the reduction of tensions, both sides can point to specific gains that have occurred since early 2018.

U.S. gains include:

  • Kim Jong-un’s public statements committing to begin a process of negotiating complete denuclearization;
  • North Korea’s moratorium on nuclear and missile testing while dialogue continues;
  • North Korea’s apparent destruction in May of its Pyunggye-ri nuclear test site before international journalists;
    Kim’s statement that he would destroy a missile test site; and
  • North Korea’s release of three U.S. detainees and agreement to restart the POW/MIA recovery program, which the United States suspended in 2005.

DPRK gains include:

  • Breaking free from its diplomatic isolation. Following Trump’s March 2018 announcement that he would hold a summit, Kim has re-established friendly relations with China and Russia, and held two summits with South Korean President Moon;
  • Boosting Kim’s legitimacy and prestige by using nuclear and missile advancements to obtain a meeting with the U.S. President as an equal;
  • Loosening enforcement of sanctions against the DPRK economy;
  • An expectation of future foreign investment and economic and energy assistance if it denuclearizes;
  • A U.S. promise to provide “security guarantees;” and
  • Trump’s announcement of a unilateral cessation of U.S.-South Korean military exercises and his statement that he hopes to withdraw all U.S. forces from South Korea.

— Joe

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